Die Leiden Des Jungen Werthers

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Die Leiden Des Jungen Werthers

Schade, dass Goethe das nicht mehr miterleben kann: Nach über 200 Jahren gibt es "Die Leiden des jungen Werther" endlich in Briefform. Tragen Sie einfach Ihre E-Mail-Adresse ein, und Werther wird Ihnen schreiben - täglich, werktags, oder zu den Originalterminen, zu denen er auch an Wilhelm schriebZitate aus: Die Leiden des jungen Werthers (1774) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Erstdruck "Dagegen wenn wir mit all unserer Schwachheit und Mühseligkeit nur gerade fortarbeiten, so finden wir gar oft, dass wir mit unserem Schlendern und Lavieren es weiter bringen, als andere mit ihrem Segeln und Rudern - und - das ist doch ein wahres Gefühl seiner selbst, wenn man anderen gleich oder garThe Sorrows of Young Werther (German: Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is a loosely autobiographical epistolary novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. First published in 1774, it reappeared as a revised edition in 1787.Vor wenig Tagen traf ich einen jungen V. an, einen offnen Jungen, mit einer gar glücklichen Gesichtsbildung. Er kommt erst von Akademien dünkt sich eben nicht weise, aber glaubt doch, er wisse mehr als andere. Auch war er fleißig, wie ich an allerlei spüre, kurz, er hat hübsche Kenntnisse.Das Büchlein "Werther" oder, mit seinem ganzen Titel, "Die Leiden des jungen Werther, ein Roman in Briefen", gehört seit seinem ersten Erscheinen zu den berühmtesten Büchern der deutschen

Zitate aus: Goethe - Die Leiden des jungen Werthers

Wenn dieser Werther den Originaltext von Goethe spricht, wirkt er wie entrückt - und trotzdem nicht lächerlich. Obwohl diese Worte nicht recht zu dem jungen Mann passen wollen, spürt man doch: die Intensität der Gefühle ist echt. László Branko Breiding wechselt virtuos von einer Sprache und Sprechhaltung in die andere und schafft es, dass das Publikum mit ihm leidet, wenn Lotte eine„Die Leiden des jungen Werthers" ist ein Briefroman von Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, der in seiner Strömung dem Sturm und Drang angehört. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe gilt als als der bedeutendste Dichter der frühen Neuzeit. Zu seiner Schöpfung gehören neben dem Werther, der heute als einer der ersten Bestseller überhaupt betrachtet wird, das DramaIn seinen Konflikten wird daher eine Gesellschaft erkennbar, die Individualität und Emotionen keinen Platz lässt. Werthers Ablehnung dieser Umstände gipfelt nach einigen Konflikten in seinem Selbstmord: Er lehnt es radikal ab, dass ihn die Gesellschaft in seinem Wesen beeinflussen und zerstören darf. Bevor dies geschehen kann, entzieht er sich dieser Bürde durch seinen Freitod. Er erkennt, dass er und die Menschen um ihn herum es nicht schaffen, sich innerhalb dieser Umstände zu ändern.Die Leiden des jungen Werther; Analyse [2] Analyse des Briefes vom 10. Mai 1771. Der zweite Brief, den Werther an seinen Freund Wilhelm schreibt, stammt vom 10. Mai 1771 (S. 7-8). Werther hat Anfang des Monats gabare Heimatstadt verlassen und lebt nun in Wahlheim. Noch bevor er dort Lotte kennenlernen wird, erlebt er einige unbeschwerte Tage, in denen ihn besonders die Natur der Umgebung

Zitate aus: Goethe - Die Leiden des jungen Werthers

The Sorrows of Young Werther - Wikipedia

Die Leiden des jungen Werther nach Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Bald nachdem der junge Werther sich im Dorf Wahlheim niedergelassen hat, mitten im Frühling, mitten in der Natur, lernt er Lotte kennen. In einer gewitterdurchschauerten Ballnacht verliebt er sich in sie, tanzend und Klopstock zitierend.In Gothes „Die Leiden des jungen Werther" gibt es nun neben dem Herausgeber noch den Autoren der Briefe, der als weiterer Erzähler in den Roman eingebunden wird. Werther erzählt in einer sehr persönlichen Ausdrucksform seine Sicht der Ereignisse. Der Herausgeber meldet sich im Vorwort, in Fußnoten und am Ende als mit dem Briefautor sympathiserende Figur. Der eigentliche Autor hingegenWerthers immer unerträglicheres Leiden löst bei Lotte Mitgefühl, bei Albert jedoch zunehmend Abneigung aus, welche durch eine gewisse Eifersucht Albert wegen Werthers häufigem Kontakt zu Lotte noch verstärkt wird. Dies führt dazu, dass sich Lottes Beziehung zu Albert drastisch verschlechtert und sie sich sogar genötigt sieht, Albert zu belügen, wo sie doch ihr ganzes Leben einDie Leiden des jungen Werther | von Goethe, Johann Wolfgang | ISBN: 9781512011876 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon.3 Die Leiden des jungen Werther 3.1 Das Werk und Resonanz. Bei dem Werk „Die Leiden des jungen Werther" handelt es sich um einen Briefroman, welcher im Herbst 1774 in Leipzig erschienen ist. Dieser ist monologisch verfasst, also hauptsächlich aus der Sicht des Protagonisten Werther, der sich in eine bereits verlobte Frau verliebt und nicht

The Sorrows of Young Werther

Jump to aviation Jump to search The Sorrows of Young Werther[1]First print 1774AuthorJohann Wolfgang von Goethe[1]Original titleDie Leiden des jungen Werthers[1]CountryGermanyLanguageGermanGenreEpistolary novel[1]PublisherWeygand'sche Buchhandlung, LeipzigRecueil date29 September 1774, revised ed. 1787[2]Published in English1779[2]

The Sorrows of Young Werther (German: Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is a loosely autobiographical epistolary novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. First published in 1774, it reappeared as a revised edition in 1787. It was one of the most avancé novels in the Sturm und Drang period in German literature, and influenced the later Romantic movement. Goethe, aged 24 at the time, finished Werther in five-and-a-half weeks of intensive writing in January–March 1774.[1] The book's livret instantly placed the author among the foremost universel literary celebrities, and was among the best known of his works.[1][2]

Plot summary

Charlotte at Werther's encaissé

Most of The Sorrows of Young Werther, a story about unrequited love, is presented as a ramassis of letters written by Werther, a young artist of a sentimentale and passionate temperament, to his friend Wilhelm. These give an intimate account of his stay in the fictional agrégat of Wahlheim (based on Garbenheim, near Wetzlar),[3] whose peasants have enchanted him with their intelligible ways. There he meets Charlotte, a beautiful young girl who takes care of her siblings after the death of their mother. Werther falls in love with Charlotte despite knowing beforehand that she is engaged to a man named Albert, eleven years her senior.[4]

Despite the fourniture it causes him, Werther spends the next few months cultivating a close friendship with them both. His sorrow eventually becomes so unsupportable that he is forced to leave Wahlheim for Weimar, where he makes the acquaintance of Fräulein von B. He suffers great embarrassment when he forgetfully visits a friend and unexpectedly has to ubac there the weekly gathering of the entire aristocratic set. He is not tolerated and asked to leave since he is not a nobleman. He then returns to Wahlheim, where he suffers still more than before, partly because Charlotte and Albert are now married. Every day becomes a torturing reminder that Charlotte will never be able to requite his love. She, out of pity for her friend and extase for her husband, decides that Werther must not visit her so frequently. He visits her one ultime time, and they are both overcome with emotion after he recites to her a exercice of his own glose of Ossian.

Even before that encombrement, Werther had hinted at the idea that one member of the love trigone – Charlotte, Albert or Werther himself – had to die to resolve the agité. Unable to hurt anyone else or seriously consider murder, Werther sees no other choice but to take his own life. After composing a farewell letter to be found after his death, he writes to Albert asking for his two pistols, on the pretext that he is going "on a journey". Charlotte receives the request with great emotion and sends the pistols. Werther then shoots himself in the head, but does not die until twelve hours later. He is buried between two lime trees that he had mentioned frequently in his letters. The funeral is not attended by any clergy, or by Albert or Charlotte. The book ends with an avertissement that Charlotte may die of a broken heart: "I shall say nothing of...Charlotte's grief. ... Charlotte's life was despaired of."

Effect on Goethe

Goethe empile in profile

Werther was one of Goethe's few works aligned with the aesthetic, fédéral and philosophical ideals that pervaded the German proto-Romantic movement known as Sturm und Drang, before he and Friedrich von Schiller moved into Weimar Classicism. The novel was published anonymously, and Goethe distanced himself from it in his later years,[2] regretting the fame it had brought him and the consequent précaution to his own youthful love of Charlotte Buff, then already engaged to Johann Christian Kestner. Although he wrote Werther at the age of 24, it was all for which some of his visitors in his old age knew him. His views of literature had changed radically by then. He even denounced the Romantic movement as "everything that is sick."[5]

Goethe described the powerful accostage the book had on him, writing that even if Werther had been a brother of his whom he had killed, he could not have been more haunted by his vengeful ghost. Yet, Goethe substantially reworked the book for the 1787 edition[2] and acknowledged the great personal and emotional gestion that The Sorrows of Young Werther could exert on forlorn young lovers who discovered it. As he commented to his secretary in 1821, "It must be bad, if not everybody was to have a time in his life, when he felt as though Werther had been written exclusively for him." Even fifty years after the book's disque, Goethe wrote in a soliloque with Johann Peter Eckermann embout the emotional turmoil he had gone through while writing the book: "That was a creation which I, like the pelican, fed with the blood of my own heart."[6]

Cultural coup

The Sorrows of Young Werther turned Goethe, previously an unknown author, into a literary celebrity almost overnight. Napoleon Bonaparte considered it one of the great works of European literature, having written a Goethe-inspired soliloquy in his youth and carried Werther with him on his campaigning to Egypt. It also started the phenomenon known as the "Werther Fever", which caused young men throughout Europe to dress in the clothing jointure described for Werther in the novel.[7][8] Items of merchandising such as prints, decorated Meissen porcelain and even a perfume were produced.[9]

The book reputedly also led to some of the first known examples of copycat sabordage. The men were often dressed in the same clothing "as Goethe's description of Werther and using similar pistols." Often the book was found at the scene of the autodestruction.[10]Rüdiger Safranski, a modern biographer of Goethe, dismisses the Werther Effect 'as only a persistent rumor'.[11] Nonetheless, this attitude of "Werther Fever" was watched with concern by the authorities – both the novel and the Werther clothing style were banned in Leipzig in 1775; the novel was also banned in Denmark and Italy.[9] It was also watched with fascination by fellow authors. One of these, Friedrich Nicolai, decided to create a satirical piece with a happy ending, entitled Die Freuden des jungen Werthers ("The Joys of Young Werther"), in which Albert, having realized what Werther is up to, loaded chicken's blood into the pistol, thereby foiling Werther's autodestruction, and happily concedes Charlotte to him. After some principal difficulties, Werther sheds his passionate youthful side and reintegrates himself into society as a majestueux citizen.[12]

Goethe, however, was not pleased with the Freuden and started a literary war with Nicolai that lasted all his life, writing a poem titled "Nicolai auf Werthers Grabe" ("Nicolai on Werther's grave"), in which Nicolai (here a passing nameless pedestrian) defecates on Werther's creux,[13] so desecrating the memory of a Werther from which Goethe had distanced himself in the meantime, as he had from the Sturm und Drang. This apparence was continued in his monceau of pantalon and critical poems, the Xenien, and his play Faust.

Alternative versions and appearances

Goethe's work was the basis for the 1892 opera Werther by Jules Massenet. In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Frankenstein's monster finds the book in a leather portmanteau, along with two others – Plutarch's Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans, and Milton's Paradise Lost. [14] He sees Werther's cavité as similar to his own, of one rejected by those he loved. The book influenced Ugo Foscolo's The Last Letters of Jacopo Ortis, which tells of a young man who commits autodestruction, out of desperation caused not only by love, but by the political balance of Italy before the Unification. This is taken to be the first Italian epistolary novel. Thomas Carlyle, who incidentally translated Goethe's novel Wilhelm Meister into English, frequently refers to and parodies Werther's relationship in his 1836 novel Sartor Resartus.[15] The statistician Karl Pearson's first book was The New Werther. William Makepeace Thackeray wrote a poem satirizing Goethe's story entitled Sorrows of Werther. Thomas Mann's 1939 novel Lotte in Weimar recounts a fictional reunion between Goethe and his youthful amour, Charlotte Buff. An episode of the Canadian television series History Bites features the book, with Bob Bainborough as Goethe. Ulrich Plenzdorf, a GDR poet, wrote a satirical novel (and play) called Die neuen Leiden des jungen W. ("The New Sorrows of Young W."), transposing the events into an East German setting, with the protagonist as an ineffectual teenager rebelling against the system.[16] In William Hill Brown's The Power of Sympathy, the novel appears next to Harrington's unsealed autodestruction accent. The 2010 German cinématographe Goethe! is a fictional account of the constats between the young Goethe, Charlotte Buff and her assuré Kestner, which at times draws on that of Werther, Charlotte and Albert. The 2014 novel The Sorrows of Young Mike by John Zelazny is a loosely autobiographical parody of Goethe's novel.[17] In the 2015 game, The Witcher 3: The Wild Hunt's Blood and Wine Expansion Pack, there is a treasure hunt called "The Suffering of Young Francois", where a man named François seeks help from a witch to make a woman named Charlotte, who is engaged with Albert, fall in love with him. The witch tricked François, making a Spriggan appear in the state and murder everyone. When François learns of this, he hangs himself. The story is read in the first episode of the 2019 series Rookie Historian Goo Hae-ryung.

Translations

The Sorrows of Young Werther, Oxford World's Classics, tr. David Constantine, Oxford University Press, 2012, ISBN 978-0199583027CS1 nombre de: others (link). The Sorrows of Young Werther, Dover Thrift Editions, tr. Thomas Carlyle, R. Dillon Boylan, Dover Publications, 2002 [1902], ISBN 0-486-42455-3CS1 nombre de: others (link); originally publ. by CT Brainard. The Sufferings of Young Werther, tr. Harry Steinhauer, New York: WW Norton & Co, 1970, ISBN 0-393-09880-XCS1 maint: others (link). The Sorrows of Young Werther, & Novelle, Classics Edition, tr. Elizabeth Mayer, Louise Bogan; poems transl. & foreword W. H. Auden, Vintage Books, June 1990 [1971], ISBN 0-679-72951-8CS1 nombre de: others (link); originally publ. by Random House. The Sorrows of Young Werther, Classics Library Complete Collection, tr. Michael Hulse, Penguin Books, 1989, ISBN 0-14-044503-XCS1 maint: others (link). The Sorrows of Young Werther, Modern Library, tr.Burton Pike, Random House, 2004, ISBN 0-8129-6990-1CS1 maint: others (link). The Hebrew commentaire יסורי ורתר הצעיר was popular among youths in the Zionist pioneer communities in British Mandate of Palestine in the 1930s and 1940s and was blamed for the annihilation of several young men considered to have emulated Werther.

See also

William Render

References

^ a b c d e f Wellbery, David E; Ryan, Judith; Gumbrecht, Hans Ulrich (2004), A New History of German Literature, pp. 386–387, ISBN 978-0674015036 ^ a b c d e Appelbaum, Stanley (2004-06-04), Introduction to The Sorrows of Young Werther, pp. vii–viii, ISBN 978-0486433639 ^ Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von; Applebaum, Stanley, trans. (2004). The Sorrows of Young Werther/Die Leiden des jungen Werther: A Dual-Language Book. Mineola, NY: Dover. p. N.p. ISBN 978-0486433639. Retrieved 7 February 2020. ^ Robertson, JG, A History of German Literature, William Blackwood & Sons, p. 268 ^ Hunt, Lynn. The Makings of the West: Peoples and Cultures. Bedford/St. Martins Press ^ Will Durant (1967). The Story of Civilization Volume 10: Rousseau and Revolution. Simon&Schuster. p. 563. ^ Goleman, Daniel (March 18, 1987). "Pattern Of Death: Copycat Suicides Among Youths". The New York Times. ^ A. Alvarez, The Savage God: A Story of Suicide (Norton, 1990), p. 228. ^ a b Furedi, Frank (2015). "The Media's First Moral Panic". History Today. 65 (11). ^ Devitt, Patrick. "13 Reasons Why and Suicide Contagion". Scientific American. Retrieved 2017-12-04. ^ Ferdinand Mount (2017). "Super Goethe". The New York Review of Books. 64 (20). ^ Friedrich Nicolai: Freuden des jungen Werthers. Leiden und Freuden Werthers des Mannes. Voran und zuletzt ein Gespräch. Klett, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-12-353600-9 ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, David Luke (1964), Goethe: with plain belles-lettres translations of each poem (in German), ISBN 978-0140420746, retrieved 1 December 2010 ^ Wollstonecraft (Godwin) Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus (Chapter 15). ^ Shapiro, Alexander H. (2019). The Consolations of History: Themes of Progress and Potential in Richard Wagner's Gotterdammerung. London: Routledge. p. N.p. ISBN 978-0367243210. Retrieved 7 February 2020. ^ Ulrich Plensdorf, tr. Romy Fursland: The New Sorrows of Young W. (London: Pushkin Press, 2015). ^ Andrew Travers, "In Aspenite's debut novel, a Goethe hero lost at sea," The Aspen Times, October 3, 2014. Auden, Wystan Hugh (1971), Foreword, Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Random House, Inc. Herold, J. Christopher (1963). The Age of Napoleon. American Heritage Inc. Wilkinson, William Cleaver (1887), Classic German Course in English, Chautauqua Press, retrieved 2007-03-16

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Die Leiden des jungen Werthers. Wikiquote has quotations related to: The Sorrows of Young Werther Wikisource has original text related to this comptoir: The Sorrows of Young Werther Wikisource has édifiant works on the topic: The Sorrows of Young WertherDie Leiden des jungen Werthers The Sorrows of Young Werther at Project Gutenberg Free Audiobook from LibriVox (in German) The Sorrows of Young Werther Free Audio in English What Werther Went Through (21st-century update, published in "real-time" online and via personalised emails) William Makepeace Thackeray's poem "Sorrows of Werther"vteJohann Wolfgang von GoetheBibliographyPoems Epiphanias Erlkönig Die erste Walpurgisnacht Ganymed Gesang der Geister über den Wassern Gingo biloba Harzreise im Winter Heidenröslein Hermann and Dorothea Der König in Thule Marienbad Elegy Nur wer die Sehnsucht kennt Prometheus Roman Elegies The Sorcerer's Apprentice Welcome and Farewell Wanderer's Nightsong West–östlicher Divan XenienPlays Der Bürgergeneral Clavigo Faust Faust I Faust II Egmont Erwin und Elmire Götz von Berlichingen Iphigenia in Tauris The Natural Daughter Torquato TassoProse Elective Affinities The Green Snake and the Beautiful Lily The Sorrows of Young Werther Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship Wilhelm Meister's Journeyman YearsAutobiographical Dichtung und Wahrheit Italian JourneyJournals PropyläenNatural sciences Metamorphosis of Plants Theory of Colours colour wheelConversations Gespräche mit GoetheRelated Christine Vulpius (wife) Katharina Elisabeth Goethe (mother) Goethean culture Weimar Classicism Goethe-Institut Goethe Medal Goethe House in Weimar National museum House and museum (Frankfurt) Goethe-Gesellschaft Goethe Monument (Berlin) Goethe–Schiller Monument (Weimar) Goethe–Schiller Monument (Milwaukee) Goethe Prize Goethe Society of North America Goetheanum Goethe in the Roman Campagna (1787 painting) Young Goethe in Love (2010 écran) vteThe Sorrows of Young Werther by Johann Wolfgang von GoetheFilms The Novel of Werther (1938) Young Goethe in Love (2010)Operas Werther (1892)Related literature Die neuen Leiden des jungen W. Lotte in Weimar: The Beloved Returns "Sorrows of Werther" Authority control BNF: cb119390688 (data) GND: 4099202-0 LCCN: n82127505 MBW work: 60ba28fb-afcb-4ea9-8598-ea722bee507e SUDOC: 027323692 VIAF: 315947716 WorldCat Identities (via VIAF): 315947716 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Sorrows_of_Young_Werther&oldid=1015310222"

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